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團結香港基金舉辦科技創新高峰會

2015-12-18

徐立之教授冀科創研究帶動社會支持

總幹事鄭李錦芬籲推動三創急不容緩

(香港2015年12月18日)領導撰寫團結香港基金第二個研究報告──「香港創新科技業概況」的香港科學院創院院長、香港大學前校長徐立之教授指出,香港科技創新是持續性的課題,今次報告提出的思維和建議,希望政府正視及作出相應配合政策,以及引起社會的關注,繼續集思廣益,帶動社會的支持。

 徐立之教授在基金會為配合研究報告而舉行的「科技創新高峰會」中表示,要成功發展香港科技創新,需要建立完整的創科生態鏈。他指出:「除了上游的基礎科研,中游的轉化研究和下游的應用研究缺一不可,我們需要借助政府的力量去採取一個全面和長遠的措施,去改善現時『斷流』的情況。」

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香港科學院創院院長、香港大學前校長徐立之教授介紹研究報告內容。

團結香港基金於今天發表創新科技研究報告後,隨即舉行「科技創新高峰會」,邀請社會各界及業內人士,就科創課題出席研討及交流。

基金會總幹事鄭李錦芬在峰會致辭表示,香港推動創新、創意、創業(三創)已經是刻不容緩的工作,有其迫切性、重要性和必要性。她認為,由於周邊地區近年於這個領域的高速發展,香港已經開始「落後」,必須急速追趕。

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高峰會嘉賓講者香港科技大學電子及計算機工程學系李澤湘教授。

鄭李錦芬表示:「在90年代中,新加坡和香港的人均GDP都在約US$24,000水平,到了2014年,新加坡已經達到約US$56,000,而香港只約US$40,000。」「深圳也迅速崛起成為『中國的矽谷』,深圳GDP今明年很可能就超越香港。此外,上海亦有政策出台,目標是將上海建設為『具有全球影響力』的『科技創新中心』。」鄭李錦芬說:「科創已成為時代的大趨勢,香港必須盡快定位躋身全球重要創新城市行列。現在是香港人認真思考香港城市命運的時刻。」

出席峰會講者香港科技大學電子及計算機工程學系李澤湘教授表示,香港高等院校應是科創產業的主要推動力量,他亦建議改革大學的工程教育和考核指標,讓教育、科研、產業實現一體化。他又稱,國家推出「中國製造2025」計劃,勢必需要更多先進裝備和核心技術,這將為香港創新科技產業發展帶來前所未有的機遇,比國家推行的「一帶一路」政策的機遇更加巨大。

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高峰會嘉賓講者弘毅投資董事長及總裁、聯想控股有限公司常務副總裁趙令歡。

另一出席高峰會講者弘毅投資董事長及總裁趙令歡則表示,香港優勢在於互聯網,以及移動互聯網相關的創新產業,其創意和軟件開發可以集中於香港;而政府除了要增加科研撥款,還要注意是「撥得其所」。

談到「三創」,尤其是科創對於香港的重要性,團結香港基金總幹事鄭李錦芬認為,科創是一個勢不可擋的大浪潮,未來世界各地區的競爭,都將會是一場「科技發明」和「創新能力」的大比拼。她說:「小小一片矽谷貢獻了加州十分之一的國民生產總值,北京中關村也貢獻了北京市五分之一的國民生產總值。」

至於「社會創新」,鄭李錦芬指出,社創的最大特色就是發動民間力量,利用創新思維和方法去解決社會問題。例如,有專家提出,由於科技創新,未來10年有65%的工作現在還未存在,是要自行發掘和創造的;當社會格局重新改寫的時候,「社會創新」的重要性就會非同小可。

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科技創新高峰會小組座談。左起:團結香港基金副總幹事兼公共政策研究部主管黃元山、團結香港基金顧問倫嘉欣、
香港科學院創院院長、香港大學前校長徐立之教授,及團結香港基金高級研究員張恩榮。

鄭李錦芬續稱:「藝術創新的重要性也不容置疑。如意大利都靈、韓國首爾、芬蘭的赫爾辛基等,都是藝術創新帶來城市命運改變的經典例子。曾幾何時,香港的電影、流行音樂、漫畫等,都在亞洲風靡一時,我們推動藝創,就是希望香港社會能夠再次展現出大都會風範、內涵和品味。」

鄭李錦芬最後表示:「香港始終是一個人傑地靈的地方,有基礎、有能力做得更好。我們擁有背靠祖國、面向世界的優勢,也可以利用「一國兩制」帶來的機遇,急起直追,闖出一片新天地。」

英文版本

Prof Lap-Chee Tsui Calls for Government and Public Support for Innovation and Technology

Prof Lap-Chee Tsui, Founding President of the Academy of Sciences of Hong Kong and former President and Vice-Chancellor of The University of Hong Kong, has urged the Government and the public to join hands to establish a holistic ecological chain for Innovation and Technology.

Prof Tsui was speaking at the Innovation and Technology Policy Summit following the release of a research report entitled The Ecosystem of Innovation and Technology in Hong Kong, conducted by Our Hong Kong Foundation (OHKF). Prof Tsui led the research team that produced this report.

He said, “Apart on basic research on the upstream of research activities, translational research on the midstream and applied research on the downstream are also critical.”

“In Hong Kong, we need government support to maintain the continuity of this ecological chain, by setting and implementing holistic and long-term policies,” he added.

At the summit, Prof Zexiang Li of the Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, said that Hong Kong’s tertiary institutions should become the major driving force for the innovative industry. He also advocated the reform of engineering education and assessment criteria at universities, so as to achieve the consolidation of education, scientific research, and industry.

Prof Li added that the current system based mainly on research publication or basic research is insufficient for Hong Kong and needs more support. He believed that ‘Made in China 2025’ will bring unprecedented opportunities for Hong Kong’s innovative and technology industry.

Another speaker at the Summit, John Zhao, Chairman & CEO of Hony Capital and Executive Vice President of Legend Holdings Corporation, stated that Hong Kong has a competitive advantage in the use of the Internet, as well as in innovative industries related to the mobile Internet. He said that the innovation and software development should be situated in Hong Kong, and the Government should not only increase funds for scientific research, but it should make sure that the funds are spent in the right place.

OHKF Executive Director Mrs Eva Cheng said, “Hong Kong must drive Innovation, Creativity and Entrepreneurship without delay. This is a matter of great importance and urgency, because Hong Kong’s neighbours are already on fast track, and Hong Kong cannot afford to lag behind.” 

Mrs Cheng said, “In the mid-1990s, the per capita GDP of Hong Kong and Singapore were both at around US$24,000. In 2014, Singapore has reached about US$56,000, while Hong Kong is still about US$40,000. Across the border, Shenzhen is fast emerging as the ‘Silicon Valley of China’, and its GDP per capita may soon overtake Hong Kong. Meanwhile, Shanghai has also launched policies aimed to develop the city into a ‘hub of innovation and technology with global impact’.”

Mrs Cheng said, “Innovation and technology has become the mega trend, and scientific invention and innovative capacity will become the arena of global competition. The little Silicon Valley accounts for 10% of the GDP of California, and Zhong Guan Cun in Beijing also takes up 20% of Beijing’s GDP.”

Mrs Cheng pointed out that the biggest characteristic of Social Innovation is that it originates in the grassroots, where people solve social problems by using new ideas and new methods. She said that there is a belief that thanks to innovation and technology, 65% of our jobs in the next decade have not even existed – we need to create them on our initiative. She added that when the social pattern is rewritten, the importance of Social Innovation will soar.

Mrs Cheng continued, “Art Innovation is also of undisputed importance. Turin in Italy, Seoul in Korea, as well as Helsinki in Finland, are classical examples of how Art Innovation can change the fate of a city. Back in Hong Kong, we had seen the blossoming of films, pop music and cartoons, rising to the top of Asia. We are promoting Art Innovation to resurrect the charm of Hong Kong as a great city.”

She concluded, “Hong Kong is a cradle for talents, and we have the foundation and capability to do better. We have Mainland China at our back, and the world on the horizon.”